Monday, July 25, 2011

Season's first oysters eagerly sought
By Ellie Constantine
Created 03/03/09

Taieri farmer Stephen Mitchell enjoys the taste of fresh Bluff oysters at the Best Cafe, Dunedin, yesterday. Photo by Stephen Jaquiery. [1]
Taieri farmer Stephen Mitchell enjoys the taste of fresh Bluff oysters at the Best Cafe, Dunedin, yesterday. Photo by Stephen Jaquiery.
They were juicy, tasty, well sized and went down a treat.

Diners at the Best Cafe in Dunedin enjoyed some of the city's first Bluff oysters yesterday and all agreed they were delicious.

Among them was Stephen Mitchell, a Taieri farmer, who coincidentally was in town for business and thought he would "call in on the off chance they had some".

He thought his dozen cooked in batter were of a good size and even treated his daughter Amanda to the seafood.

Carole Tucker, from Scotland, had her first taste of Bluff oysters while in the city visiting her daughter.

"They were absolutely delicious," she said.

Restaurant owner Mabel McCormick sent husband Ken south on Sunday night to collect her order at 8am yesterday.

By lunchtime, she was serving them to eager customers.

Poor weather meant some boats could not make it out yesterday, so it would be a few more days before more were available, she said.

However, she had enough to last a while.

The "quite big" oysters would be sold for the same price as last year, $38 a dozen with chips and coleslaw, she said.

One customer enjoyed them so much he wolfed down three dozen - two cooked, one raw - for lunch.

Waihola Fresh Fish Supply's Al Conley expected the order to arrive last night.

They would come pottled and ready to sell for $25 or $26 a dozen.

However, others were not so lucky.

Blue Water Products did not have any yesterday but fielded many inquiries.

Owner Ross Hutchison hoped to have some today but expected the "usual difficult first few weeks" for oyster suppliers.

"Southerners get very excitable when the first lot come in," he said.

The oyster season opened on Sunday and will run until August 31.
Regulars farewell Best Cafe's Mabel

By Elspeth McLean on Sat, 23 Jan 2010
News: Dunedin

District Court judge Stephen O'Driscoll with Dunedin Best Cafe owner Mabel McCormick at a special gathering yesterday to mark her impending departure from the business after almost 25 years. Photo by Gerard O'Brien.
District Court judge Stephen O'Driscoll with Dunedin Best Cafe owner Mabel McCormick at a special gathering yesterday to mark her impending departure from the business after almost 25 years. Photo by Gerard O'Brien.
Business was brisk at Dunedin's Best Cafe yesterday afternoon as about 50 regulars, rounded up by District Court Judge Stephen O'Driscoll, gathered for an early farewell to restaurateur Mabel McCormick, who has sold the Stuart St business after almost 25 years.

It did not mean the afternoon off for Mrs McCormick (65), however.

She was hard at work in the kitchen, as usual, only stopping to receive accolades once her wellwishers were replete.

Judge O'Driscoll said while Mrs McCormick had been initially reluctant to take part in the celebration, he felt it was important to mark the longevity of her business, which had survived both the sharemarket crash and the recession.

The fact she had many regulars who kept returning for their favourite meals of blue cod, oysters or whitebait was a testament to the service she provided, he said.

Judge O'Driscoll admitted his favourite was blue cod with two eggs.

Mrs McCormick, who received a bouquet from landlord and customer, Allied Press business manager Nick Smith, said she felt honoured.

She had been in the business since 1986 and the time had gone "really fast".

Her customers, who came from all walks of life, had "always been nice".

Only once had someone not paid.

"When I chased them up, they didn't like it and they never came back."

Famous customers had included All Black teams and the late yachtsman Sir Peter Blake.

In the early years, the cafe, which has a reputation for fish served in an unpretentious way, provided meals for juries from the courthouse across the road.

Mrs McCormick said the cafe had become known worldwide.

She considered one of the reasons for its popularity was that diners could be "in and out in half an hour with tea and coffee".

People were also drawn to the cafe's seasonal offerings such as whitebait and oysters.

New owners Susannah and Marc Yeoman, also on kitchen duty yesterday, were quick to assure the regulars they would not be changing the menu.

Meals would still be served with white bread and "butter curls", Mrs Yeoman said.

Mr Yeoman (41), who made his mark as the youngest Pizza Hut manager in the country at the age of 19, has spent the last 10 years as the Dunedin Casino gaming manager.

He said yesterday afternoon had been a baptism by fire, but he was looking forward to officially taking over the business next month.

Mrs McCormick said she would be back to help in the oyster season.

In the meantime, she hoped to have more time to play bowls.


Mabel McCormick,

Best Cafe identity Mabel McCormick dies

Mabel McCormick, the long-serving proprietor of Dunedin's Best Cafe, has died.

Mrs McCormick (66), sister of former Dunedin mayor Peter Chin, died at Dunedin Hospital yesterday.

She owned and operated the Lower Stuart St cafe, famed for its fish, oysters and whitebait meals, for 23 years.

When she made it known in January that she had sold to new owners and planned to retire, District Court judge Stephen O'Driscoll rounded up about 50 other regular patrons for a goodbye lunch at which Mrs McCormick was presented with flowers and fond farewells.

An obituary will follow. Fri, 5 Nov 2010

Chinese notables support plan

Plans to turn Arrowtown's historic Dudley's Cottage into a tourism hub feeding the adjacent Chinese miners' village have been welcomed by two high-profile Chinese New Zealanders.

Former Dunedin mayor Peter Chin and Dunedin community historian Jim Ng have been instrumental in bringing the proposed Otago Chinese Miners Heritage Trail to fruition and have come out in support of Arrowtown developer Scott Stevens' plans to construct an information centre at the pioneer cottage as a base for guided walks at the Chinese settlement.

Public submissions closed last month on the plan, which also includes 4WD tours and gold panning.

Out of 25 submissions, five were opposed - mainly due to concerns about the Chinese miners' village.

Earlier this month Mr Stevens defended the proposal, saying it was "based around celebrating the Chinese history in the area, and complementing the Chinese village is fundamental".

Mr Ng dismissed objectors' concerns and said he thought Mr Stevens was genuine in his intentions.

"He knows that if he is to prosper, then the mining village has to prosper and he has to fit in with the ethos and ambience," he said.

The trail is pitched at the growing number of Chinese tourists and Mr Ng said that in China, it was "the norm" to have shops and stalls near historical tourist sites. In that regard, he said, Mr Stevens' plan was unlikely to offend Chinese cultural sensibilities.

As part of the Otago Forward group, Mr Chin helped commission a feasibility study into the Chinese Miners Heritage Trail and said the Dudley's Cottage plan was a "positive" idea.

"Mr Stevens is going to augment what's in Arrowtown - that can only be good. He's restoring Dudley's Cottage, which will add to the whole visitor experience and fill out the entire history.

"If someone's got the initiative, and it's going to be helpful, then go for it," Mr Chin said.

Mr Stevens said his idea for Dudley's Cottage had come from reading about plans for the Chinese Miners Heritage Trail.

"To hear that Mr Ng and Mr Chin support the proposal is very good news. It definitely means I'm pointing in the right direction," he said.

- By Matt Stewart on Sat, 30 Apr 2011

Arguing for business use

The proposed commercial restoration of historic Dudley's Cottage next to Arrowtown's Chinese miners' village is "the only future" for the building, longtime village resident Don Spary says.

He spoke at Wednesday's Lakes Environmental resource consent hearing on Arrowtown Mining Company's bid to use the site as a base for guided walks at the Chinese settlement, gold-panning tours and 4WD expeditions, primarily to Macetown and surrounding areas.

Positioned at the crossroads of high vehicle, foot and cycle traffic, the cottage had "extremely limited" residential use, Mr Spary, an Arrowtown Trust trustee, said.

"The cottage can only realistically be saved by permitting an appropriate commercial use for the benefit of residents and visitors." The two groups were "not divisible - we all have common interests to enjoy Arrowtown".

Arrowtown Mining Company sole director Scott Stevens told the commissioners the idea came to him when he was "conducting research from my back lawn on visitors numbers and how they arrived by foot or car. I noticed a lot of head-scratching went on and concluded visitors were expecting a point of contact and to be told where to go and what to see."

Mr Stevens welcomed late submissions from Chinese gold-mining historian Dr James Ng, of Dunedin, and the Otago-Southland branch of the New Zealand Chinese Association. He also referred to a recent conversation with former Dunedin mayor Peter Chin.

"He told me it was a positive vision and that people with the nerve and balls to make a bit of the Chinese Trail work - joining the dots of the trail - should be encouraged," Mr Stevens said.

At a Chinese tourism summit held in Queenstown in April, Mr Stevens said many Chinese delegates described the experience of visiting the Chinese settlement as "sad".

To counter this, Mr Stevens said he planned to highlight the "heroes" and those "revered" in the history of Chinese settlement in the region. Submissions to Lakes Environmental closed on March 31, with 20 in favour and five opposing, mainly due to concerns about the neighbouring Chinese miners' village.

The proposal has the support of the New Zealand Historic Places Trust and the Department of Conservation.

Queenstown Lakes District Council-appointed independent commissioners David Whitney and Christine Kelly adjourned the hearing and said a decision in writing was expected within 20 days.

- By Matt Stewart on Fri, 3 Jun 2011

Mayoral bid cost Chin $43,446

Former Dunedin mayor Peter Chin poured $43,446.40 into his failed bid to hold on to the mayoral robes, figures reveal.

Mr Chin paid the money to Dunedin-based agency T&D Advertising and Marketing, which covered the cost of glossy photographs, advertising and brochures, as well as managing Mr Chin's campaign.

This year's spending was nearly double the $24,853 Mr Chin spent during the run-up to the last local body elections in 2007, but less than the $52,662.36 he threw at the 2004 campaign to win the mayoralty for the first time.

This year's spending was detailed in paperwork listing expenses and donations filed with Dunedin electoral officer Pam Jordan since election results were confirmed last month.

Candidates have 55 days from the confirmation of results to file a list of their expenses, as well as any donations received of more than $1000.

So far, 37 candidates for council and community board seats have filed their paperwork, along with 16 candidates for the Otago Regional Council and Southern District Health Board.

Mr Chin's spending came within $11,553.60 of the $55,000 limit for Dunedin mayoral candidates.

However, Mr Chin was reluctant to discuss his campaign yesterday, saying only he had always employed T&D Advertising and Marketing to manage his campaign and had "no difficulties with the work that they have done".

Financial returns for Dunedin Mayor Dave Cull and most of his Greater Dunedin colleagues were not available on Friday, and Mr Cull said when contacted he could not reveal the figures yet.

Greater Dunedin candidates contributed varying amounts to a collective fund, but expenses were still being collated by the group's treasurer, he said.

They would then be divided by each candidate before being released.

Mr Cull did not want to comment on Mr Chin's campaign or spending, but said his own expenses "would not have been that high".

Other candidates to have filed their expenses included Crs John Bezett ($2072.39) and Syd Brown ($1085.29) - who both won re-election - and ousted councillor Richard Walls ($3911.05) and unsuccessful candidate Andrew Whiley ($4534.09).
By Chris Morris on Mon, 1 Nov 2010

There's a feeling of relief: Chin

Peter Chin may have lost the election but he appears to have rediscovered his sense of humour - and perhaps his joie de vivre - following Saturday's election results.

Dunedin's outgoing mayor was yesterday clearly a happier man following the weight of office being lifted from his shoulders after six years in a job that involved "committing yourself completely to Dunedin".

And he took a parting shot at the candidates who ran negative campaigns "rubbishing" a city Mr Chin said had made considerable progress.

"There has got to be recognition out there that Dunedin has achieved a whole lot of things," he said.

Mr Chin was yesterday a different man to the person who late last month finished a mayoral election forum furious with the debate of which he had just been part.

The campaign, which one councillor described on Sunday as "vicious", took a toll on the councillor of 15 years.

Much of the electorate clearly perceived him as the leader of a council that had spent too much on projects with which many did not agree.

But he was yesterday looking forward to a future mostly disengaged from public life.

"Hell yeah.

"I'm a pensioner," he said as he cleared his office of a giant cheque that had been gathering dust in a corner for some time, a model of the Shanghai Expo building, and a cup and saucer, still in their box, with "very important person" inscribed on them.

"What I'm looking for is my own time, my own space," he said.

Mr Chin was known to rise at 4am to start his day, one of the reasons, perhaps, he began to look tired as late afternoon meetings dragged on.

"I enjoyed doing it," he said of the job.

"It's never been any trouble, [but] now I don't have to do that any more there's a feeling of relief.

"There's a bit of disappointment I haven't got it [the mayoralty].

"I'll always have the interests of Dunedin at heart, but I won't actually be there doing it.

"It frees me up to indulge myself in all manner of trivia."

That included his role as chief commissioner of the Gambling Commission, and trustee of the Asia New Zealand Foundation.

Mayor-elect Dave Cull has indicated there may be a role for Mr Chin in the sister city relationship with Shanghai into which he had put considerable effort.

Mr Chin admitted having become "disheartened" by every candidate in the election campaign standing on a platform that everything the council had done for the past six years had been wrong.

Mr Chin said he stood on his record, and the council's work, to give the city a new water system, sewerage system and stadium, and an upgraded Dunedin Centre, town hall and Regent Theatre.

"Sure there are things that are controversial, that some don't like, but by and large, the city has done well." By David Loughrey on Tue, 12 Oct 2010

Shanghai-Dunedin links even stronger

The way Dunedin has developed its sister city links with Shanghai is a model for others to follow in fostering ties with China, New Zealand consul-general at Shanghai, Michael Swain, says.

At a function at the New Zealand consulate in Shanghai last week, Mr Swain hosted a 16-strong delegation from the Otago Museum and another delegation led by Dunedin Mayor Dave Cull, including senior representatives from the University of Otago, Otago Polytechnic, the Otago Chamber of Commerce, Dunedin Shanghai Association and Dunedin Chinese Gardens Trust.

Staff exchange accord

Dunedin had always adopted "a very Dunedin Inc and New Zealand Inc" approach, with the city council working closely with the university and the polytechnic and other educational institutions, as well as with the Dunedin-Shanghai Association, business organisations and other groups, he said.

It was a "very important week" for Dunedin and New Zealand, marked by the opening of a major Otago Museum exhibition in Shanghai.

"Tremendous opportunities" for Dunedin and New Zealand trade were opening up in China, and New Zealand and Ngai Tahu were also gaining an enormous media profile in Shanghai through the "extremely impressive" exhibition at the Shanghai Museum, Mr Swain said.

Dunedin not only worked collaboratively, but had also maintained a strong continuity in its sister city links, he said.

Mr Swain acknowledged the high importance of the Magnolia Gold Award which former Dunedin mayor Peter Chin received in Shanghai last week from Shanghai Mayor Han Zheng.

Mr Chin is believed to be the first New Zealand resident to receive the award.

The award had come as a surprise, Mr Chin said, and was a "huge honour".

In an address delivered to the consulate function on Wednesday last week, Mr Swain said Dunedin's sister-city relationship with Shanghai gave Dunedin "enormous potential".

Closer links with Shanghai were "not just an opportunity for us" [New Zealand] but were "an absolute imperative", Mr Swain said.

• John Gibb's visit to Shanghai was supported by a travel grant from the Asia New Zealand Foundation. By John Gibb on Mon, 25 Jul 2011
News: Dunedin | Peter Chin

Monday, July 11, 2011


MR CHEW CHONG AT NAPIER HE IS INTERVIEWED. We take the following from the Napier Herald :— " Mr Chew Ohong, as his name indicates, is a Celestial by birth, and is at the present time a highly respected British sunject, who residence is at Eltham, in Taranaki, where liib energy has endowed his neighbors with wealth that has of late years been derived from the dairy industry through the medium of the two butter factories owned by him. Mr Chew Chong was in Napier the other day, and put up at the Masonic Hotel. In appearance he is an elderly man whoee countenance and figure affirm his race, whilst his manner and address are genial and straightforward. He thoroughly understands English, having been 45 years under the British flag in Singapore, Australia, and New Zealand. For the last 23 years he has been settled in New Plymouth, engaged in storekeeping. Our interview with him was directed to gaining his opinions and tho results of his experience on the subject of dairy factories, and upon an expression of our wish to publish the substance of the interview he promptly acquiescod in the proposal, and the followconversation ensued : — What number of butter factories are yon osvnor of ? — Two ; the one at Eltham, which is six miles from Stratford, and the other on Eltham road, about four inileß from the first. What is the output of butter ?— ln the summer months two tonß per week, and in the winter months something over one ton p?r week. I understand that yon were the first to start butter factories in Taranaki?— No My factory at Eltham was the second factory opened in the Taranaki province. I startei it about six years ago. What led «up to the enterprise ? —You see, I waß storekeeping, and always buying the settlers' butter, nearly two tons a week, and shipping it to England and Australia, and constantly losing money through bad butter. Hearing of factories elsewhere I made an offer to my customers t j find tho capital for a factory and erect it if they would agree to sell mo their milk. I knew nothing previously of the working of butter factories, but I found the capital and employod Europeans to make the butter. What number of cows do you think requisite to work a butter factory economically ?— 1 reckon to get the milk of 1000 cows for my two factories in ihe flush of the season. You see, you must employ two men, even if yon only have 200 cows, and tho labour or three men will do the factory work of 500 cows. Do you consider it desirable as a factory proprietor to have cows of your own ? —At first I cmli not get sufficient milk, and I agrood with certain families to provide cows and pay rent for land, and rateß and taxes, whilst they worked the farm, mi ked the cows, and delivered to the factory. We divided equally on the piice of tho milk valued nt per gallon and the proceeds of tho oalvoa sold at four months old. This arrangement continues to pay rue handsomely. What do you reokon the amount of money you get as the gross earnings of the produce of each oow ? I will say £6 per head, though List year owing to the exceptionally high price of calves I totalled £7 per head, What ient do you reckon land will pay at for dairying purposes ?— estimate that on our side it takes two acres to support a cow, and we pay 8s rent per acre, say 16 per cow, and at this rate, allowing for labor, taxes and outgoings, I reckon that the milk of each cow costs thirty-Gvo ahi.Uinga por annum, I havo not reckoned what is tho ntmoHt I could afford to pay, but theyo should be a large margin for contingencies. Aro you disposed to speculatoin the w*y of opening dairy factories in Hawko'a Buy '? No. I could not attend to thorn. It would be too far away. Are you inclinod to enlarge your interest in buttor factories ?— Hardly. At tho present time I more disposed to turn my atton^ion to cheese making, but my settlers have not been willing to sell mo all their milk. Next season I expect that there will not be so much demand for skim milk to feed calves, but, I intend to try to work cheese in my factories.

What power do you employ in your factories ? We have water power nt both places. What rate do you pay for insurance ?— Twenty shillings per cent. What do you consider a convenient working radius for milk suppliers to bring the milk in ?—Much depends upon the quality of your roads. With us I reckon four miles is far enough, but wo have no good metal for road making on our side. After discussing several minor details of machinery, &c, our interviewer thanked Mr Chew Chong end retired. | Taranaki Herald, Volume XLII, Issue 9702, 19 May 1893, Page 2

'During the hearing of gaming charges against twenty-seven Chinese yestcrday an development occurred when the Magistrate, Mr. E. D. Moslcy, announced that he was not satisfied with the interpreter, Percy Chew Lee, and that another interpreter would have to be. secured. "All I want is the truth, and I am not satisfied that I have got it so far," he said. He therefore adjourned the case.

When the hearing was resumed this morning a new interpreter, W. Wah a Canterbury College student said: "Frankly, I would rather go to prison than interpret on rthis occasion

Senior-Sergeant.Fox said it had come to his knowledge that Chinese concerned in the case had shown hostility to a number of their own countrymen,apparently because of an erroneous: idea that they had given information to the police. There actually had been a threat of violence. That was rather aii ugly attitude to take up. Addressing the accused, the Magistrate said: "You can from me that any threat from a European: or a Chinese will reap its consequences. British law, which grinds slowly, will grind that person." Wah was still unwilling to act as interpreter. He denied that hostility had been shown to him. There were circumstances he did not wish to disclose. It was not fear. Wah added that Chew Lee was a competent interpreter. The Magistrate: I was not satisfied with him yesterday. The case proceeded while an endeavour was being made to secure another interpreter. Later an interpreter named Chan was secured and Wah was released of tUc duty.

The hearing was then continued normally. The principal accused, Yee Kwong, aged 63,. a gardencr, is charged with permitting premises in Madras Street to be used as a gaming house, and of having prepared opium in his possession. Ah Sang, aged 64, a gardener, is charged with assistingKwong. Twentyfive other Chinese are charged with beting found without lawful excuse at a gaming house. Kwong denied that people coming to the house paid him anything to play fantan or dominoes. He did not know fantan was illegal in New Zealand. Another Chinese said, that the place was merely a club for which subscriptions were paid.

The c ase is proceeding, Evening Post, Volume CXVI, Issue 15, 18 July 1933, Page 9
GAMING CHARGES PREMISES RAIDED SALE OF PAKAPOO TICKETS A raid on several houses in Taranaki and Haining streets, in which, it was suspected pakapoo tickets were being sold, was carried out yesterday afternoon by a number of detectives and constables. As a result, ten Chinese and seven Europeans appeared in the Magistrate's Court to answer charges of keeping common gaming-houses and of being found on the premises. Six of the Chinese, Low Yee, Ah Sam Peter Sing, Low Tong, Ah Lee, and Low Kum, pleaded guilty to keeping the premises for the sale of pakapoo tickets Detective-Sergeant Holmes said that the premises 154 Taranaki street, 46, Haining Street 158 Taranaki Street, 145, Taranaki street, 149, Taranaki street, and 11, Haining street, were all apparently laundries or fruit shops from the outside, and displayed a few bottles or packets of collars as a blind. Mr. A. J. Mazengarb submitted that the Chinese were merely salesmen for the tickets, and derived very little profit from their work. Three of them were over 70 years of age, and were unable to work at their usual trades. Counsel said that he had been instructed that all the houses concerned in the "ring" had been involved in the raid, and the practice of selling tickets would cease. Each of the defendants was fined £10, in default one month's imprisonment, with the exception of Low Kum, who had three previous convictions of a similar nature, was fined £50, in default three months imprisonment. Pleas of guilty to being found on the premises were entered by Thomas King, aged 32; William Auld, aged 48; Phillip James James, aged 51; Leonard Clarence Spencer, aged 29; Albert Joseph Chancy, aged 20; and Cyril William Bouttell, aged 24. Each was fined £2, in default 14 days' imprisonment. Similar charges against Ah Young, Lowe Sikj and Ah Lowe were withdrawn, as satisfactory excuses were given for their presence in the houses. Frederick Williams, aged 64, denied having visited 154, Taranaki street, for any illegal purpose. Evidence was given by a police officer that he heard a door slam at the rear of the house. He next saw the defendant in charge of a detective, who said that Williams had been running away from the premises. Two of the men who had admitted being on the premises said that Williams had been in the house for about ten minutes before the raid. "I think the case against him has been proved," said Mr. J. H. Salmon, S.M., in fining Williams £5, in default 14 days' imprisonment. He has elected to go into the box and, I think, commit perjury." In the case of Charlie Wong, alias Lee Chan, who was found at 158, Taranaki street, with pakapoo tickets in his possession, but who contended that the tickets were old and that he was merely visiting a countryman, a fine of £5, in default 14 days' imprisonment, was imposed. "He is extremely lucky not to be charged with assisting in the conduct of the house," remarked Mr. Salmon, after hearing the police evidence. Evening Post, Volume CV, Issue 11, 14 January 1928, Page 8


Ah Chan Passes (From "Truth's" Greymouth Rep.) Ah Chan's wandering soul has passed on to join those of his ancestor in the Promised Land, while its earthly casket was found, face downwards, In a grave-like trench outslde his tumbledown hut -on the Old Marsden Road the other day. Seventy-two yeara ago Ah Chan flrat saw tho light of day in far-off China, and, like many of his compatriots, took the trail tor God's Own Country. He said "Whaffor!" to the West Coast In the days of the gold rushes, pursuing tho quest of the yellow metal with a bland smile, but never with sufficient success to allow him to return to his native land and manipulate tho chop-sticks with an easy mind. The gold fever finally died out of his blood and he took up tho more prosaic and perhaps more lucrative job of market gardening, becoming one of tho many Chinese engaged in supplying the people of Greymouth with tho succulent lettucc. Heavy West Coast rain soaked Ah Chan one unlucky day, however, and for the past two years he had been welly sick. Friends tried to persuade him to enter the Old People's Home. but perhaps he knew that the present Home is nearly as rickety as his own hut. Anyway, Ah Chan stuck to the bungalow on the lonely Old Mardsen Road, managing to keep body and soul together with the proceeds of his labour on his section. Then Death came and unfolded its kindly Mantle, terminating the hermit like existence of the old exile. His body was found partially covered with earth in a trench. There are some who believe that Ah Chan felt that his day was done, and crept into the trench intending to use it as a grave. Who knows? To some he was only a Chow, but his was a pathetic death. "Natural causes" was the verdict of the coroner. NZ Truth , Issue 970, 28 June 1924, Page 5

Saturday, July 09, 2011


Important judgments were delivered by his Honour Mr. Justice Chapman yesterday in dismissing the appeals ot Van Chu Lin and Chan Yee Hop against the decision of Mr. D. G. A. Cooper, S.M., who lined the woman for landing in New Zealand without complying with the regulations, and the ma„ for aiding the woman to do so.


In the course of his judgment his Honour stated: The appelant is a Chinese woman, and is admitted to bo the wife of Chan Yee Hop, or Wong Yee Hop, a Chinese not naturalised m New Zealand. A Chinese named Ah Young became naturalised in New Zealand in 189'*i, and left for China more than four years ago. 'Chan Yee Hop got possession of Ah Young's letters of naturalisation. Having paid his own tax on landing, he was free to leave ' New Zealand and return within four years, and had done so, under his own name in 1912. On 10th March, IQIS, he falsely represented himjself as •the person described in the letters of naturalisation issued to Ah Young, obtained identification papers, and went abroad under that name. Under that name, too, he married the appellant m Sydney, on 19th July, 1915. He and his wife returned to New Zealand in the Ulimaroa^ as Mr. and Mrs. Ah Young on 2nd August, 1915. On arrival at the office of the Custom. Depavtment.,**han Yee Hop, with his wife, produced the letters of naturalisation of the said Ah Young and. also the marriage carljificate, and stated that he was married to the appellant. By means of this false pretence—namely, that he was Ah Young, and a naturalised Chinese—Chan Yee Hop and his wife entered New Zealand. The appellant did not comply with the section of the Immigration Restriction Act, 190b, requiring an examination in the English language. She is not naturalised, and did not pay the tax of £100 provided for. She did not give evidence at the hearing or i otherwise prove that -she wa,*> not I subject to the provisions of the Act. It was stated, and may be assumed, j that she is ignorant of English and of the law oi New Zealand. The only question is whether section 42 (1), paragraph (a), does or does not create' an offence irrespective of proof of mens rea. The scope of the Statute and the meaning of the clause seem to me to be very plain. Part 111. is specially devoted to Chinese immigration, which presupposes that the persons at whom it is aimed, and who are likely to commit the offence described, are ignorant. Chinese who know nothing of English or of New Zealand law or of what is required of them on landing. Paragraph (a) describes an offence, and there is j nothing strained in assuming that any immigrant will understand that it is his business to find out what he is to do on landing, and how he is to get ashore. Ev.ry traveller in any part of the world knows almost instinctively that he cannot go where he likes, and has to enquire into such matters. I must, therefore, impute to the appellant that she took the burden of ascertaining the requirements of the law and that- her ignorance of these requirements is immaterial. The requirement in question is that sho shall be able to read a printed passage of 100 words in English. It is admitted that she has not complied with that. Has she, then, any defence to the information? It is said that the Customs authorities let her pass without questioning her. This we now know was due to her husband's fraud, of which it is stated she was ignorant. That, however, is immaterial. The Customs House officials have no power to dispense an immigrant from compliance with a penal law, whether they do it knowingly, or, as here, unwittingly. By section 38 the burden is thrown on the immigrant of proving compliance with the Statute, and this has not been proved. In these circumstances we have a simple violation of a Statute, and a person who may be, and probably is, ignorant of its provisions; to such an offence the. doctrine of mens rea has no application. The object of this Statute is to guard the country against unrestricted immigration, and to secure a poll tax from immigrants of the class to which the appellant belongs, and the determination of the question whether mens rea is an ingredient in an offence depends largely on a consideration of the object of the Statute. Looking at the facts, we find that the appellant's husband was perpetrating a fraud on his own account, but I am not- at all sure that he was not, even on the finding set out, the agent of his wife, who, ex necessitate, required an agent for the purpose of procuring, her permission to land. In that ease, the Magistrate, 'if asked to do so, would. probably have found that she relied on her husband, and relied on his fraud, which might result in sufficient proof of mens rea. That, however, has not been raised or argued. CHAU YEE HOP'S CASE. I The offence of which the appellant is convicted is that of procuring his _ wife to commit the offence above described. This prosecution is under Section 53 of the. Justices of the Peace Act, 1908, which renders a person who aids, assists, counsels, or procures the commission of any offence punishable on summary conviction, liable to be proceeded against for the same, and subjects him on conviction to the same forfeiture and punishment as such principal offender. is by law liable to. It is argued that the use of the expression forfeiture shows that mens rea must be proved; that is to say, that this section only refers to offences in which mens' rea is essential, as forfeitures only arose at common law, in connection with such grave offences as felonies. This argument appears to me entirely to miss the real meaning of section 53. It must be borne in. mind that it is part of a general enactment connected with the administration of the law. Its operation is not i restricted to Acts now in force; it is purposely made wide enough, to be capable of being applied to future Acts enacting forfeitures and punishments. There are probably many sta : tutes now in force creating purely statutory offences, to some of which forfeiture and to others of which forfeiture and punishment in the shape of penalties are annexed. The Customs Law Act, 1908, for instance, contains numerous illustrations of this. I am satisfied that section 53 is intended to cover such a case as this. Both appeals are dismissed, with £5 5s costs in each case."

At the hearing Mr. P. J. O'Regan appeared for tho appellants, and Mr. V. K. S. Macassey for the Crown. Evening Post, Volume XCII, Issue 66, 15 September 1916, Page 5



Two well-known and highly respected Chinese families were linked last evening by the marriage of Sadie Way- Fon, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. K. Y. Kwok, of Wellington, and Percy Jun-Tim, son of Mr. and Mrs.' F. K. Leong Levin, at the Central Baptist Church, Boulcott Street. The Rev. P. F. Lanyon officiated. The church was beautifully decorated with pink and white lilies, and 400 guests who witnessed the ceremony and attended the reception which followed included well-known citizens and visitors from other parts of the Dominion. The bride, who was born in Hong Kong,China, was educated in New Zealand, and has had a successful career as a law clerk in Wellington. The bridegroom, a graduate of China University, returned to New Zealand from Shanghai at the time of the Japanese occupation. For some weeks prior to the wedding the ancient Chinese ritual demanding and interchanging thousands of assorted cakes between the two parties was carried out with great ceremony. The number of cakes bargained and agreed upon is determined rby the number of friends of the two families, as large boxes of these cakes are distributed to guests, as a preliminary of the approaching marriage. In this instance over 6000 cakes were sent out ,a few weeks ago.

The bride, who entered the church with her father, wore a trained gown of white satin embroidered with silver sequins in a diamond pattern. She wore an elaborate collarette of diamante and a dainty orange blossom tiara held in place her embroidered tulle veil. Her bouquet was of white carnations and lilies. She was attended by four of her sisters, Misses Nancy, Winnie, Mollie, and Linda Kwok, two of whom were in pale turquoise blue and two in petal pink. They wore frocks of quilted satin falling in folds from the waist and shoulder veils of stiffened tulle with coronets of petalled and sequinned organdie. Arm sheafs of pink and blue flowers were carried. Mr. Edwin Wong was best man, and the groomsmen were Messrs. Wah K. Leong, Kent Wong, and Jack Moon. The Prime Minister, Mr. Fraser, who proposed the toast to the bride, said that in honouring the bride he was honouring all Chinese womanhood. He spoke of Madame Chiang Kai-shek, whom he described as "the greatest woman in the world today. Other speakers were Mrs. Fraser, Mr. Wang Feng (Consul-General for China) and Madame Wang Feng, Mr. H. Y. Jackr son, and other members of the Chinese Consulate, and Mr. A. L. Tressider. Mr. William Wah was toastmaster and M.C.

Last night's reception, given by the bride's parents, was given for Chinese and European guests, but an exclusively Chinese dinner of many courses, for which foodstuffs were brought from China, will be given by the bridegroom's parents at the end of the week. Evening Post, Volume CXXXV, Issue 63, 16 March 1943, Page 6

LEONG—KWOK. The engagement is announced of Sadie Wayvon, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wni. K. Y. Kwok, of Wellington, to Percy Tim, son of Mr. and Mrs. V. K. Leong, of Levin. Evening Post, Volume CXXXIV, Issue 77, 28 September 1942, Page 6



There-were picturesque scenes at St. Matthew's Church, Masterton, on Tuesday night when a gathering of several hundred people crowded the church and its precincts to witness the marriage of Mok Chow Lunn, daughter of Mrs. P. G. Mok, Canton, China, to Norman Gee Dong, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Gee Dong, Masterton. The church was decorated for the ceremony, a choral one, conducted by the Yen. Archdeacon E. J. Rich. The bride, who had recently come from China, and had been in New Zealand a few weeks only, was a daughter of friends of Mr. and Mrs. Gee Dong. The ceremony was the culmination of a childhood romance for the bride and groom had known each other since their school days. The bride, who was escorted by Mr. Henry M. Dong, wore a trained gown of magnolia satin and a tulle veil. She was attended by Misses Grace and Joyce G. Dong, and two little flower girls, Molly Gee Dong and Catherine Gee (Wellington). The best man was Mr. David Wong (Wairoa), and the groomsman was Mr. James Gee (Wellington). The reception was held at the Masonic Hall, where Mr. and Mrs. Gee Dong entertained over 150 guests from all parts of the North Island. The respect and esteem in which the Dong family is held was shown by the fact that well over half of those present were Europeans. Mrs. Dong wore a dark coffee-coloured Chinese silk costume, with a shoulder spray to tone. A lengthy toast list was honoured. - Mr. Willie Wong (Carterton) acting as interpreter. The reception concluded with a dance. Mr. and Mrs.Norman Gee Dong will reside at Wellington.
Evening Post, Volume CXXXII, Issue 76, 26 September 1941, Page 8


WONG TOO.—On March 6, 1944, at Wellington . Hospital, Daisy, dearly-beloved sister of Ivy,William, and Charles Wong Too, and beloved cousin of Mr. and Mrs. Wong Ying Heung, and Shirley and Leslie, 113 Jackson St.. Petone; aged 25-years. Evening Post, Volume CXXXVII, Issue 55, 6 March 1944, Page 1


MISS DAISY WONG TOO. The death occurred this week of New Zealand's first Chinese school-: teacher, Miss Daisy Wong Too, at the age of 25, daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Wong Too, of Petone. Her primary schooling was ;at the Petone West School and she gained her proficiency when 12 years old. In 1931 she attended the Hutt Valley: High School, where she played a prominent part in the activities of the school, being a prefect during her final year there. After 'matriculating she gained entrance to the Teachers' Training College in 1937. She was much admired for her thoroughness and industrious work, and in her short career as a teacher was a well-known' figure m many of the local schools. At all times a conscientious and' -ever-willing worker, her sunny disposition won the favour of all her pupils and fellowteachers. She was specially, interested in the teaching of art and creative art. Her unfailing courtesy and striking personality made her teaching very pleasant for her pupils. She was highly respected in the Hutt Valley, and her untimely death has come as a shock to many people.Evening Post, Volume CXXXVII, Issue 59, 10 March 1944, Page 8

Wong Chuck


-^ MURDEROUS ATTACK OX WHITE WIFE. (Per Tress Association.) AUCKLAND, this day. A sensational story was unfolded by Sub- Inspector Hendry at the Police Court yesterday, when Wong Chuck, a dapper-looking young Celestial, appeared before Mr Cutten. S.M., on a charge of having on the. previous day attempted to kill his wife (a hite woman), by attacking her with a. knife. The subinspector explained that Wong was a married man, and on Sunday jie aiid his Mife paid a. visit to. Henderson. They returned some , time m the evening. Wong went out, and his wife visited the house of another Chinaman. This latter Celestial "accompanied Mrs Wong home, and went inside with her. When Wong returned he saw the two m the" house together. He flew into a violentpassion, and ordered the intruder to leave. He then took up a knife, -Mid rushed at Mrs Wong, and attempted to kill her, A constable's attention Mas attracted . by the woman's screams, and he rushed into "the house, and found the man and his Avife struggling together. By the time he obtained an entrance Wong had a knife m each hand, and he heard him say, "I'll kill you." "The constable pulled off the excited Chinaman, who was taken to the police cells' Tlie woman had sustained some scratches to her face. Mr Quartley appeared for Wong, and asked for a remand, which was granted until April, an application for bail being refused.

Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XXXIX, Issue 12722, 26 March 1912, Page 5


When Wong Chuck was Wild. Caught his Consort with Another Chow.From "Truth's" Auckland Rep- Readers of "Truth" will remember that a Cantonese named Wong Chuck was arrested at Auckland one day last week on a charge of attempting to murder his wife, Eva Wong Chuck, a white woman. The accused was remanded* until Monday last on the said charge, having been refused bail. Wong, who is the average sort o£ SMELL FROM CANTON, and who doesn't wear a pigtail, to i show he . is "allee same ; Eiilopean," is a small-sized individual with the usual Oriental impassive air. He runs a clean shirt foundry m Hobson- street, which is the resort of Flossie and her "protector," and Wong and his missus there created an awful . disturbance on Sunday, March 24, which culminated in the charge of attempted murder.

The charge was gone. on. with on Monday last, when Senior- Sergeant McKinnori prosecuted on behalf of the John Department.

Lawyer Singer watched proceedings on behalf of Mrs Wong, while Lawyer Quartley appeared for the defence.

Eva, Wong's lawful wedded wife, occupied a seat alongside her lawyer, Singer. She is
A GOOD -LOOKING YOUNG WOMAN,and was dressed m a black costume, with a large black velvet hat, embellished with black ostrich plumes. In fact, it must have cost Wong . quite a lot of shirt-money to deck Eva out, and during her evidence she displayed the forgiving spirit which woman generally shows after she has 'got her man into the soup, so to speak.

During her evidence this woman showed that she had had some education, and also that she had received better upbringing than is usually the lot of the wife of a stinking chow. She gave h-er evidence m a perfectly composed manner, and did not seem ai. all distressed by -the fact that she was the lawful wedded AVife of a Chinaman. She, apparently, also enceavored to mitigate circumstances, so iar as they were within her power, for her Asiatic spouse.

The evidence adduced was to the effect that Wong's wife on the Sunday lhight m question,FLIRTED WITH ANOTHER CHINKIE,
and Wong, coming on the scene, went for his "gal," and m the struggle he picked tip a couple of table knives, and the result was that the yellow man's white wife got a cut on her thumb. At the conclusion of the evidence Mr Quartley urged that the ; charge be reduced to one of common assault. '

Mr Cutten, S.M.: The circumstances c£ the case ..would, never justify me m sending- the case 1 for trial. He will be convicted of assault, and ordered to find sureties of the peaces

Wong- was thereupon bound over to find one surety of £50; to keep the peace with Eva. for a period of 12 months.

"The surety^ was immediately forthcoming NZ Truth , Issue 354, 6 April 1912, Page 6